If you explore natural beauty and want to enjoy the flora and fauna, peaceful place in India then you must be visit to Sikkim. Sikkim is one of the best place for tourists and top most tours & travel destination in India. It is the north east state of India.
North-eastern state of India- Sikkim, it borders China in its north and east, Bhutan in its east, Nepal in its west and the Indian state West Bengal in its south. It is the second smallest among Indian states. And spread below Mount Kanchenjunga the third highest peak in the world. The elevation of the state ranges between 300 m and over 8,500 m above sea level.
Sikkim is a mountainous state without any significant flat land.
In 13th century, Buddhism is arrived here from Tibet. It took its particular Sikkimese form four centuries later. When three Tibetan monks of the old Nyingamapa order, dissatisfied with the rise of the reformist Gelukpas, migrated to Yoksum in western Sikkim. His kingdom was far larger than today’s Sikkim and included Kalimpong and parts of western Bhutan.
Afters India’s independence, the eleventh Chogyal, Tashi Namgyal, strove hard to prevent the dissolution of his kingdom. The next king Palden Thondup was a weak ruler and in 1975, succumbed to the demands of the Nepalese majority of becoming a part of India.
Fairs & Festivals
The Buddhist people celebrate their festivals with proper customs and full dedication. There are so many festivals celebrated by them.
Saga Dawa- it is a very suspicious day for the Mahayana Buddhists. One this day people go to monasteries to offer butter lamps and worship.
Phang Lhabsol- it is a festival unique to Sikkim. It is celebrated to offer thanks to Mount Khanchendzonga, the guardian deity of Sikkim and to Yabdu, the supreme commander.
Kagyat Dance- this is a special type of performance which is performed every 28th and 29th day of the Tibetan Calendar
The Buddhists festival of Bumchu is held in the Tashiding Gompa during January
Dasain the biggest most important festival of the Hindu-Nepali population is celebrated in September- October. It symbolizes the victory of good over evil.
The people of Sikkim celebrate the anniversaries relating to birth, enlightenment, and nirvana of the Buddha, besides the Buddhist New Year and the harvest festivals. Several festivals are celebrated in Gangtok and its adjoining areas.
One of the best destinations in North East India, Sikkim is dotted with several natural as well as man-made wonders. All the tourist attractions in Sikkim are worth visiting and allure travellers from all around the globe.
Gangtok- be it the rich flora, the beautiful people, or the serene Buddhist monasteries, this small town, occupies an important position in the itinerary of tourists in search of tranquillity from the humdrum of modern life.
Yumthang Valley Sikkim- it is the beautiful valley in Sikkim where tourists come and enjoy beautiful view of snow adventures. The SMA has recently organized skiing for tourists in the valley.
Temi Tea Garden- Sikkim is a single state, tea estate yet one of the best in the world. This garden runs by the government.
Rumtek Gompa- one of the largest monasteries in Sikkim which is dedicated to Kargyu sect of Buddhists.
Best time to Visit
Mid-March to June is the best time to visit here. In the season of Monsoon from June till early September, plants destroy because of heavy rain. October, when orchids bloom once again, and November tend to have the clearest weather of all.
How to Reach
By Air- The nearest airport is Bagdogra, at the distance of 124 km from Gangtok. You need to booked seat at the Airlines Office on Tibet Road in Gangtok.
By Rail- new Jalpaiguri and Siliguri are the nearest railway stations from Gangtok which is connected with Delhi, Guwahati, Calcutta and other important cities in India.
By Road- the Sikkim national tourist agency has daily bus services to Siliguri, Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Bagdogra. Share jeeps and taxis are a faster alternative to commute.