Rajasthan- when we talk about Rajasthan, firstly our mind going to Golden area of Rajasthan, I mean to say the yellow desert, and then we lost in the palace of Rajasthan. The land of kings is a majestic tapestry of camels plodding over soft sand dunes of the Thar Desert. Rajasthan is a northern Indian state bordering Pakistan. It is a kaleidoscope of brightly turbaned with proud moustaches and women with twinkling anklets in colorful swirling ghagras. In Rajasthan, we can connect with our history of kings, with culture, art of Rajasthan. The Rajasthan has attracted numerous visitors. Rajasthan is a beautiful destination place for tourism.
Rajasthan located in northwest India. Rajasthan borders, Punjab in north, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in the northeast, Madhya Pradesh in the east and Gujarat in the south. On the other western side it shares a long stretch of border with neighboring country Pakistan. Rajasthan protect the western border of the country to stand as the sentinel who never tires.Rajasthan divided into hill and rugged area, basically Rajasthan know from rugged area or desert, but there is also hill area such as Mount Abu, the only hill station in the state famous for its flora and fauna and Aravali hill provide the much needed relief to this arid land, the wide spread sand dunes of the desert and arid region make it one of the toughest terrains in the world. Jodhpur is the edge of the dry and shifting desert land from where on the not so arid but cultivable land starts.
Rajasthan is much more than the imagination of few rulers. It is an identity created by people, who enjoy life and have ample proof to show for it.The earliest inhabitants of Rajasthan belonged to the great Harappan civilization. This area saw the arrival of the horse riding Aryans from central Asia in about 2000 BC. The Mauryan dynasty-one of the first dynasties to rule over large parts of India controlled this area in about 400 AD. In this British rule, Rajasthan is famous from the name of “Rajputana”. Rajputs who were the off sharing’s of the indo- Scythians. With the passing of time this new race proliferated into a number of new clans. Rajasthan thus became the homeland of these groups of warrior clans, collectively called Rajputs, who dominated this region for over a thousand years. They carved out small kingdoms in this region during the 9th and 10th century AD that were often at war with each other. Due to this lack of unity, the Rajputs were unable to present a combined front against a common aggressor. This weakness ensured that every foreign aggressor in India created enough trouble for the Rajput rulers of Rajasthan. All this resulted in the them being defeated or subjugated by the Mughals, who reduced them to the status of a vassal.
Nevertheless the bravery and, sense of pride and honor amongst Rajputs is unparallel in the history of India. Chivalry was the hallmark of the Rajputs. They fought with courage and determination. Death to defeat was the theme of Rajput warring ideology. It was for these qualities that some of the Rajputs rulers and chieftains adorned the court of most of the Mughal rulers’ especially Akbar. There warring skills were used to the fullest by Akbar who very effectively used the services of these brave fighters for the protection of his vast kingdom by inducting into his standing army. He also entered into matrimonial alliances with prominent Rajput families most important being the one with Princess Jodha Bai, daughter of the Maharaja of Amber.With the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Rajputs were gradually able to recover their lost territories and status. These turn of events were however short-lived, as very soon the British set foot on the Indian mainland marking the beginning of one of the most eventful phase of Indian history. The British Raj, as it was popularly called, was characterized by many anew trends and practices.After independence Rajasthan became an integral part of the Union of India under the new constitution.
Fairs & festivals
Rajasthan has all the usual Hindu and Muslim festivals, some celebrated with special local fervor as well as a number of festivals of its own. The exact dates, determined by the lunar calendar have specific religious significance.Major festivals in the state are Camel Festival at Bikaner in January, Nagpur fair in January- February; desert Festival of Jaisalmer in February; Elephant Festival Jaipur; Gangaur festival celebrated all over the state in March- April; Mewar Festival in Udaipur; urn in Ajmer Sharif; teej in the months of august; Marwar festival jodhpur in October; and camel and cattle fair of Pushkar in November
Best time to visit
Rajasthan is one of the driest regions in India. Except in the hills of the Aravali range, temperature in most other parts of the state reaches the 40 degree c mark during the summer months. Winters are mild in Rajasthan with the temperatures ranging between 22 degree c and 8 degree c. the climate of Rajasthan is characterized by dry and hot winds. The rainfall, which is characteristically scanty, comes during the month of July and September. However rainfall is comparatively high in the hilly aravali range. The southwest region of the state, being on the tropical region is considerably humid. Thus, you may plan your travel trip to enjoy the art of Rajasthan accordingly.
How to reach
Rajasthan is well connected by air with almost all the major cities of India. A number of airlines both, government as well as private have regular flights connecting the state with rest of the country. The five airports of the state are Sanganer, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur and Kota.
Rajasthan is well connected by a good network of rail. It connects the state with almost all the places of interest in the country. But comparing to the railway option, the roadways are preferable, as well as, recommended as the railway tracks are mostly meter gauge and hence time consuming.
The best way to visit Rajasthan is by road. A good number of Government and private buses ply to the state connecting it with its nearby places of interest. Moreover, taxis and other vehicles are also available on hire from many places to the state.
Rajasthan is a classic blend of beauty and historicity. Indeed. The state has so much going for it that it’s difficult decide where to start. The very images that it conjures up are steeped in romance and beauty. A line of supercilious camel silhouetted against a magnificent desert sunset. A blur of swirling color as a Rajasthani belle dances to hypnotic music. The handsome, hawk-like face of a Rajput man, fiercely, mustachioed regally turbaned, reflecting an arrogance and power that can be traced several centuries back. It is the unyielding façade of a splendid fort or the delicate kiosks and balconies embellishing a palace wall. The bold, colorful sweep of a phat painting, depicting sword-bearing chieftains going off to battle, rainbow-hued dupattas, ghagras and colis, twinkling with the light of a hundred tiny glinting mirrors. All of which add to attractions of this wonderland we call-Rajasthan
Rajasthan’s almost 80% of the places are regarded as the places of tourist interest. The old city of Jaipur, capital to the state of Rajasthan, painted pink that gives a magical glow to the city, is one of the must visit places of the state. The 250-year-old city of Jaipur, also known popularly as the Pink city is a startling blend of forts and palaces, teeming markets and all the bustle and modernity is fitting the capital of India’s second largest state. The Hawa Mahal the exquisite city palace and the incredible observatory of maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II central museum, Nagar Garh Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Amber, Albert Maseum, Birla Mandir Planetarium, Sisodia Rani Park, Lakshmi Narain Temple, Kanak Vrindavan, the Rajmahal Palace, Rambagh Palace and the Jantar Mantar are some of the sites that say about their contemporary time.
In the bleak desert that is Rajasthan, there is also a green oasis-Mount Abu, a cool hill station, a holy mountain retreat, the aravali range; the verdant forests alive with a variety of flora and fauna; the stunning Dilwara jain temples; the Nakki lake at 1200 m above sea level; the city of Ajmer; the Dargah or tomb of the popular 13th-century; a number of monuments belonging to the Mughal era; the well-fed camels and citadels; the exotic camel safaris; the worship of thousands of holy rats Mata Kali temple are some of the most interesting aspects of the state in general.Even further off the beaten track is the relatively in unexplored Hadoti area Rajasthan, comprising Kota, Bundi, Baran and Jhalawar. The princely State of Jhalawar, or the land of the Jhalas, was created in 1838 and unlike much of Rajasthan, has a rocky, but green and water laden landscape.
BEST PLACE TO VISIT IN RAJASTHAN