Karnataka is famous for its culture, friendly rural folk, misty mountain ranges of the Western Ghats, food, flavours, landscapes, and heart stopping beauty, which is attract to tourist towards the state. It is the eight largest states in India. The state is steeped in tradition yet is one of the forerunners of the information technology revolution in the country.
Karnataka located in the southern part of the country, it is surrounded by other states like Maharashtra and Goa in the north, Tamil Nadu and Kerala in the south, Andhra Pradesh in the east and Arabian Sea in the west. The state of Karnataka is part of two well-defined regions of India, namely the Deccan Plateau and the Coastal Plains and Islands and it can be further divided into four physiographic regions-the Northern Karnataka Plateau, Southern Karnataka Plateau, Karnataka Coastal Region.Every Plateau represent different thing of Karnataka. The state boasts of a wide range of topological features. There are chains of mountain, the highest being the Mullayyana Giri (1,925m).other than the mountains, there are plateaus, residual hills and coastal plains.The state possesses six percent of the total water resources in the country as there are many rivers flowing through it. The most famous among them are the Krishna, Cauvery, Godavari, North Pennar, South Pennar and Palar.
Evidences from the pre-historic ages indicate that the culture of Karnataka had much in common with the civilization of Africa and is quite district from the pre-historic culture of North India. Iron weapons dating back to 1200 BC found at Hallur in Dhaward district point to the inhabitants of the early state using iron much before the metal was introduced in the northern parts of the country.
The early rulers of Karnataka were predominantly from North India. Parts of Karnataka were subject to the rule of the Nandas and the Mauryas. It is believed that Chandragupta Maurya came down to Sravanabelgola after renouncing his empire. Proofs of this are the Ashokan edicts scattered all over the land. After the Kadambas who first laid the foundation of a political empire in Karnataka, came the great Chalukyas of Badami, of whom Pulakesin II was the most illustrious.The Rashtrakutas who followed were no less a powerful dynasty. Consider the pinnacle of their achievement, the rock-cut Kailasanathar temple of Ellora. Renowned among the Rashtrakuta King, is Amoghavarsha Nrupatunga of the 9th century, under whose benevolent patronage was published the ‘Kavirajamarga’.Nevertheless, it was the Badami Chalukyas whose style of architecture and patronage of the arts really made way for Kannada and Karnataka to flourish. And descendents to this tradition of patronage were the Hoysalas, whose poetry endures in the temples of Halebid and Belur and in the one perfect jewel at Somnathpura.During the British rule, Karnataka was a part of the Madras Presidency and it became a new state only in 1956. It was name of Mysore and added some districts from the former Bombay Presidency. The state was renamed Karnataka in 1971.
Belur is situated around 38 km from Hassan, which is 187 km from the capital Bangalore. The Channekeshava Temple at Belur is the only one of the three major Hoysala sites still in use. It is said that every Hindu deity has been represented at this temple.Halebid is famous for its Hoyasaleswara temple. The construction of the Hoyasaleswara Temple was started in AD 1121 and continued for around 90 years, but was never completed. Yet, this temple is the most outstanding example of Hoysala art and architecture. Every part of the walls of this temple is covered by an endless variety of Hindu deities, sages, stylizes animals, birds etc.Sravanabelgola is famous for the statue of Lord Bahubali. The place is an important Jain pilgrimage center and has a long history. The 17 meter high statue of Bahubali is said to be the tallest monolithic structure in the world. It overlooks the small town of Shravanbelgola from the top of the rocky hill known as Indragiri. One can reach this hill after ascending 614 rock-cut steps.Gulbarga was the first capital of the Bahmanis and the main attractions here are the tomb of Hazrat Khwaja Band Nawaz Gesu Daraz and a mosque in the old fort.Somnathpur is home to one of the best examples of Hoysala temple architecture, the Kesava Temple.Considered to be the finest tiger reserve in India, the Nagarhole National Park derives its name from a combination of two Kannada words-‘Nagar’ denoting snake, and ‘hole’ denoting stream. True to its name, quite a few serpentine streams fork through the rich tropical forests of the park. The Nagarhole Park was set up in 1955.
Fairs & Festivals
True to its colourful heritage, Karnataka has an array of festivals that add life, gaiety, and colour to mundane activities.Mysore Dasara is a Royal Festival celebrating victory of truth over Evil. Legend has it that the Goddess Chamundeeswari or Durga slew the demon Mahishasuran on Vijayadashami day.The Paryaya Festival of the Krishna temple at Udupi, held biennially in January, marks the ceremonious handing over of the charge of the shrine to one of the eight religious orders of the Madhwacharya’s spiritual descendants in rotation for a two-year term.Thousands throng to the Melkote Temple in March to catch a glimpse of the diamond-studded crown of the temple deity taken in procession on one of the 13 days of the Vairamudi Festival.Thousands of devotees, both Muslim and Hindu, throng the tomb of Sufi saint, Khaja Banda Nawaz at Gulbarga for the Urs held in November.
Best time to Visit
The variation in the geographical features affects the climate of the region. Coastal Karnataka experiences a hot, rainy tropical monsoon climate. In the southern inland places the climate is hot and dry and the interior northern areas are semi arid and hot.
How to Reach
By Air- The Indian Airlines and some private domestic airlines connect Bangalore to all the major metropolitan and other cities of India like Thiruvananthpuram, Hyderabad, Goa, Kochi, Ahmadabad and Mangalore.
By Rail- A good rail network connects Bangalore to various parts of India. The major Indian cities connected with Bangalore through regular trains are Chennai, Mysore, New Delhi, Calcutta, and Mumbai.
By Road- There are national highways and a number of other roadways leading to the major cities and important towns. There are regular bus services to and from Bangalore for the nearby cities and towns.