Gwalior city described by Mughal emperor Bubar as ‘the pearl amongst fortresses in India’ situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh of central India. It is famous for its medieval hilltop fort. Gwalior makes an interesting stop en route to some of the better-known destinations in this part of India.
Gwalior located in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is around km from Delhi. The city extends between latitude 26 degree 14’ in the north to longitude 78 degree 10’ in the east.
Gwalior was founded by Maharaja Suraj Sen and it saw many different rulers ruling over the city. Gwalior became a prominent place for religious practices, cultural and other disciplines coming up during that time in the country.
According to a legend, Gwalior derives its name from a great sage Gwalipa who cured a chief of the Kachwaha clan suffering from leprosy.
The first historical holders of the city were the Huns. Held in succession by the Mughal, jats, Marathas and the British, Gwalior was finally handed over to jiyaji Rao Scindia at the formal durbar in 1885, and they were last ruling family on Gwalior.
Today Gwalior famous for education sector. There are number of institute, school, collage in Gwalior and students come from every state of country for education.
Fairs & Festivals
Gwalior is famous for major and a special position in the Indian classical music, art and literature.
Tansen Music festival is held every winter in the months of November/December. The festival is a major cultural event, drawing prominent performers and music lovers from all parts of the country.
There are very interesting Fort for its tourist.Gwalior fort spreads out over an area of 3 sq. Km. Surrounded by concrete walls of sandstone. It was built by Raja Man Singh Tomar in the 15 century. The fort encloses three temples, six palaces and numerous water tanks. Man Mandir is the fort’s piece de resistance.
Jai Vilas Mahal- the area of the palace is 12, 40,771 sq feet and it is particularly famous for its large Durbar Hall. Durbar Hall decorated by gilt and gold furnishings and adorned with a huge carpet and gigantic chandeliers.
Teli-ka-mandir reflects the style of north Indian architecture. Some believed it was so named because it was built in the Telagana style; other say this was because it was built by Telis.
The chhatris, memorials to former Scindia rulers, are executed in the typical Bundelkhandi style with conical spires and heavily carved exteriors.
Adjacent is a small white, austere tomb. This is the memorial to Tansen, a famed musician, and one of the nine gems of the Mughal emperor Akbar’s court.
Other important tourist attractions are Surya Mandir, Baija Taal cultural complex, museum of the freedom fighters.
Place around Gwalior
Chanderi is a well-preserved medieval town famed for the craft of sari weaving, with beautiful structures executed in the Bundelkhandi style.
Shivpuri (112 km) on the Agra-Bombay Road is famous for its Madhav National Park and the Chhatris
Best time to Visit
The climate of Gwalior is with hot summers and cold winters. In summer’s temperature of city is touch as high as 46 degree C, while in the winters it can go down to below 5 degree C. Monsoon starts from the first week of June and remains there till August/September.
How to Reach
By Air- Gwalior is connecting by Indian Airlines to Bombay, Bhopal, Indore, and Delhi.
By Rail- Gwalior is on the main Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-madras rail link. Gwalior is well link with many state of country.
By Road- the most common and cheapest way of moving around the city is the six-seater auto-rickshaws. Taxis are also available so are mini buses.