Patna is the capital city of Bihar state in the eastern India. It is the second largest city after Kolkata in the east. It is the one of the oldest continuously inhabited place in the world. According to a study by the City Mayors’ foundation, Patna is the 21st fastest growing city in world and 5th fastest growing city in India.
Patna city located in the eastern India’s state Bihar on the southern bank of the River Ganga. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu, one of the longest bridges in the world at 7.5 km, cross the Ganges 5 km of the city center.
Patna was founded in 490BCE by the king of Magadha. In ancient time Patna is popular from the name Pataliputra. The city was established by the son of Ajatashatru, Udayi. Ajatashatru had to adopt certain security measures in order to protect Patna from the repeated Lichchvi invasions. He had got a natural riverine fort protected by three rivers. Ajatashatru’s son had moved his capital from Rajagriha to Pataliputra and this status was maintained during the reign of the Mauryas and the Guptas.
The old Patna or the modern Patna city had at one time a wall all round, the remains of which can still be seen at the entrance of the Patna.
Fairs and Festival
Chatta is the most important or famous festival in Patna, Bihar celebrated six days after Diwali. Pataliputra Mahotsav features parades, dancing, sports and dancing also very famous in Patna. Apart from these, all the festivals of North India are celebrated in Patna.
In Patna, there are number of historical sites and place for the tourists’ attraction.
Golghar- is the most attractive tourists place, its mean ‘round house’. Golghar is located near the Gandhi Maidan in Patna in Bihar. This amazing structure has no pillars from inside and is able to hold 140000 tons of grains. The Golghar has a staircase that spirals around the building where people are able to go all the way to the top. Today’s time this building serves as a picnic and site seeing spot.
Patna Museum- it is the one of oldest museum in Patna. It is show the history of Patna and impact of Mughal and Rajput style of architecture are evident in the construction of it. First and second both floors of the museum are dedicated to galleries including Natural history gallery, Stone sculpture gallery, Indian stone art tradition, Painting Gallery etc.
Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden- popularly referred to as Patna Zoo, Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden covers a sprawling 153 acre of land and finds a place among the largest zoos in the country. The zoo is home to 110 species of wild animals adding up to 800 animals.
At the eastern end of the Patna, in old Patna stands the Har Mandir, which is considered as the one of the holiest Sikh shrines. It is the birth place of Gobind Singh who is the last of the Sikh gurus.
Best time to Visit
The best season to visit Patna is the winter season. The temperature remains comfortable and is apt for visiting the monuments and other places of interest in Patna. Best months are October to march.
How to Reach
By Air- Lok Nayak Jayaprakash International Airport, is the nearest Airport of Patna. This is well connected with major cities of India as well as World.
By Rail- Patna Junction Railway Station is situated in the eastern railway route of Patna. It is connect with most of the cities of India like Mumbai, Kolkata, Pune, Delhi etc. Patna railway station is just 4 km from the city center.
By Road- A good network of road connects Patna with important Indian cities. The city lies on NH 30 and is also seen as the gateway city for the Buddhist circuit of Rajgir and Nalanda.