The Hill Forts of Rajasthan have been awarded the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The hill forts include Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Jaisalmer Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gegron Fort and Amber Fort. These majestic hill forts are mainly based in the undulating terrain of the Aravali Range. Built between the 5th and 17th-18th centuries AD these structures represent the fortified seats of power of Rajputs princely states.
Jaisalmer Forts is one of the largest hill forts in the world. Built in 1156 AD by Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal the golden- sandstone fort is known as Sonar Quila. It is situated on the Trikuta hill in the stretches of the Thar Desert has massive yellow sandstone walls. At one point of time, the entire population of the city lived inside the fort.
The largest fort in India, it was constructed in the 7th century AD by the Mauryas and was named after the Maurya Ruler Chitrangada Mori. It was later ruler by the Sisodiya clan of Rajputs. Chittorgarh was the former capital of Mewar before Maharaja Udai Singh II left the fort following his defeat at the hands of Akbar and founded a more secure, Udaipur as the capital of Mewar in 1559.
Also known as Amber Fort is located in the Amer village, 11 km away from the city of Jaipur. It was built in 1592 AD on the remnants of an earlier structure by Maharaja Man Singh of the Kachwaha Rajput clan and was expanded by his descendant Maharaja Jai Singh II.
Kumbhalgarh Fort is nestled in the Aravali Hill near Udaipur. The hill fort has the second longest continuous wall after the Great Wall of China. The impenetrable structure houses various treasures of history. The great warrior Maharana Pratap was born here. This fort is a unique sample of military defence and architecture.
Located on Thambhore hill, 481 meters above the sea level, Ranthambore Fort lies in Sawai Madhopur. The hill fort is now a part of Ranthambore National Park. Recaptured by wilderness, the fort is now the abode of the animals of the forest.
Gagron Fort is a beautiful sample of history and architecture. The fort is surrounded by river waters on three sides. The unrivalled structure sheltered one of the wealthiest cities before the other cities of Rajasthan.