One of the most popular attractions in Jaipur, Hawa Mahal or the ‘Palace of winds’ is a popular landmark of the city, which is located at Badi Choupad. That was commissioned in 1799 by Raja Sawai Pratap Singh and is known for 952 Jharokhas on the outside walls. A wonderful combination of Mughal and Rajasthan styles of architecture the palace is known for its honeycomb front façade. The main intention behind the construction of the Mahal was to facilitate the royal women and provide them a view of everyday life through the windows, as they never appeared in public.
It was constructed in 1799 that the Kachhwaha Rajput ruler, Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who build Jaipur, constructed Hawa Mahal as a continuation of the Royal City Palace. Sawai Pratap Singh’s devotion to Lord Krishna is evident in the Palace’s construction as it resembles the lord’s crown. Though many reasons are cited behind the construction of the fort, Purdah system followed by the Rajputs is said to be one of the main causes. During those days, Rajput royal women did not appear in public or in front of strangers. However, they were benefit that the Hawa Mahal was build, complete with small windows and screened balconies. This gave the women a sense of freedom, without appearing in public.
Location– Near Badi Chaupar and City Palace complex
Highlight– Architectural design; 953 Jharokhas (windows)
Entry Fee– Indians INR 10
Foreigners INR 50
Timings– all days of the week 9:00 AM- 4:30 PM
Architecture of Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is a five- storied building that had a beehive structure wherein the main façade is dotted with 953 small windows. From outside the structure looks like Lord Krishna’s crown. The windows of lattice work, small balconies and arced roof with hanging corners. This palace builds from pink and red stones with white borders which looks incredible. The arched small chhatris with delicate carvings are a mark of the royal Rajaputana Architectural style. Its entrance is a door which leads to a spacious courtyard surrounded by two-storey buildings on three sides. Of the five storeys of the Mahal, the top three storeys have the thickness of a single room while the bottom storeys have courtyards. The interior of the Hawa Mahal is stark and plain with passages and pillars reaching to the top storey. From Hawa Mahal, you have an excellent view of the city. The monument also has an archeological museum.