Calcutta is one of the metropolitan cities. It is India’s second-biggest city is a daily festival of human existence. Locally, Kolkata is regarded as India’s intellectual, artistic and cultural capital. As the former capital of British India, Kolkata retains a feast of colonial-era architecture contrasting starkly with urban slums and dynamic new-town suburbs with their air-conditioned shopping malls.
Calcutta is lies in eastern India state of West Bengal. It is located on the east bank of the Hooghly River.
Kolkata formerly known as Calcutta in English. The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire, It was established in 1686. The city progressed well until 1756 when Siraj-Ud-Daula attacked the town and dove away the British. Kolkata grew rapidly in the 19th century to become the second city of the British Empire.
Fairs and Festivals
Calcutta is famous for its culture and festivals, which is celebrated here.
Durga Puja is one of the most popular festivals of Calcutta. On the time of Durga Puja Calcutta become unforgettable, people forget all thing of their life; they lost in the celebration and worship of Maa Durga.
Saraswati Puja is the celebration of Saraswati, the goddess of learning. It is celebrated before coming the spring season.
Kali puja is also very famous in Calcutta; it is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Calcutta on the new moon day of the Hindu month Kartik. This festival dedicated to Hindu goddess Kali.
Calcutta Book Fair is the largest in Asia held every year from the end of January till early February. This 12 days long book Fair is held over a large area of ‘Milan Mela’ near Science City on E.M.Bypass.
Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River. it is most attractive site in Calcutta. People come from other place to wander here. Walk on bridge give an unforgettable experience.
Victoria Memorial is one of the prime tourist’s destinations for people from India and other country. The memorial was built to serve a dual purpose-to mark the great success of the British Empire in India, and as a memorial to Queen Victoria.
Dakshineswar Kali Temple, dedicated to goddess Kali. With the traditional ‘Nava-ratna’ styles Bengali architecture, the three-storey temple stands on a high platform with a fleet of stairs. It stands tall with its historical association with some of the greatest names to have resided in the ‘City of Joy’, Kolkata.
Birla Mandir across the world is known for their fabulous architecture and clean surroundings. It is popularly known as Lakshmi Narayan Mandir. It is built in white marbles and spread over 44 katha of land.
Indian Museum is the oldest and largest museum in India and ninth oldest regular museum of the world. The museum exhibits collection of antiques, mummies, Mughal paintings, skeletons, ornaments and armor.
Botanical Garden, Marble Palace, Nakhoda Mosque, town hall etc. are also other important sites in Calcutta.
Best time to Visit
Because of near the sea, the Calcutta climate has well over the year but humidity level can be very high in the summers. Rainfall is around 160 cm in annually.
How to Reach
By Air- Calcutta provide direct flights to most of the countries. It has own airport Dumdum, which is well connected to major cities of Country including Varanasi, Delhi, Mumbai etc.
By Rail- Howrah and Sealdah are major railway stations in Calcutta. Super-fast trains join the city from Delhi and nearby cities such as Bokaro and Rourkela.
By Road- the Espanade Terminus in the heart of the city is the main bus terminus. Calcutta is connected with most of the Indian cities by road.