Bodhgaya is a religious place of pilgrimage. It is one of the four holiest cities of Buddhist faith. Bodhgaya associated by Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, it is related to the life of Gautam Buddha. In 2002, Bodhgaya become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Bodhgaya is located in the central part of these of Bihar, in the north-eastern part of India. It is the part of the great Ganges plains. It is situated on the west of the Falgu River, which is a tributary of River. It is 13km south of Gaya and 113 km south of Patna city.
In is believed that Gautam Buddha attained enlightened or Nirvana under a Bodhi tree. After gaining enlightenment, he become Buddha and spread his message of love and peace. Where Gautam Buddha got enlightenment, the great Mauryan ruler King Ashoka built a small Shrine here in the 3rd century BC. And now this shrine is famous from the name Mahabodhi Temple in the Bihar.
Fairs and Festivals
Buddha Jayanti or Buddha Purnima is most famous festival of Bodhgaya, celebrated in month of April/ May on that day when full moon show or come in the sky every year in order to recall birth ceremony occasion of Gautam Buddha and his enlightenment. During the celebration of this festival many of the pilgrims come from various place of world.
On this occasion very famous Bodhgaya’s Temple Mahabodhi are decorated with the colourful flowers and beautiful flags that represent a festive look.
Gaya Pitrapaksha Mela-This mela is basically based on the worship of the ancestors that is completed by the ritual known as Sraddha ritual. It is a belief of the local people that this tradition has been derived from the Buddha period that has first pind daan here.
Mahabodhi Temple- one of India’s prime spiritual places, Mahabodhi Temple is not just a temple but Buddha’s actual enlightenment place. Such us the calmness that surrounds this meticulously built temple that it attract people of all age groups to visit it at least once.
Bodhi Tree- A peepal tree, it forms a major and most sacred part of Mahabodhi Temple. In Buddhism ‘bodhi’ means awakening experience or awareness of the true nature of the universe.
Thai Monastery-Of all the monasteries in Bodhgaya, Thai monastery stands out for its exceptional architecture and stunning beauty. It has a sloping roof covered with golden tiles.
Bodhgaya is not only an important Buddhist pilgrim center and an archeologically site, but it also for famous for the various meditation courses offered by a number of institutes, in and around the town. Most of the courses are conducted in winters.
Best time to Visit
Winter season is best time to visit in Bodhgaya. In winter there has pleasant weather.
How to Reach
By Air- Bodhgaya does not have an own airport.
By Rail- there is no railways station in Bodhgaya.
By Road- the main bus stop in Bodhgaya is located near Sujata Bridge on the Falgu River. There is bus service to the town of Gaya, which is 13 km north of Bodhgaya.