Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park is famous for avifauna sanctuary in state of Rajasthan in India. It is also known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. India is a famous bird’s sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season. The name ‘ Keoladeo’ is derived from the name of an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva in the sanctuary’s central zone while the Hindu term Ghana implies dense, thick area of forest cover.This spectacular bird sanctuary is historical in its own way. The Maharaja of Bharatpur is credited for its creation in 1890, though conservation was the last thing on his mind. He got a large are enclosed with embankments and further divided it with earthen dams call bunds creating a large number of marshes and lakes. Thus, Bharatpur is mainly an artificial creation. The government banned the indiscriminate shooting of birds in 1965. In 1985, Bharatpur was accepted as a World Heritage Site.Bharatpur hosts a variety of birds’ species from across the globe. Close to 380 species of birds are found in this 29sq km stretch, approximately 10 sq km of which comprises of marshes and bogs. Rest of the area comprises of scrublands, grasslands and more than 44000 trees that are used for nesting by birds each year.
Ancient palace & mountain near Bharatpur Sanctuary
There are so many palaces and mountain for wandering such as Bharatpur Palace– a perfect blend of Mughal and Rajputana style of architecture, the Bharatpur Palace was build in different phases by different kings.
Lohagarh Fort– The “Iron Fort” is specially conceived and designed so that it may last longer; and amazingly justified by its name the Lohagarh Fort stood strongly against many attacks by the British. There are many attractive monuments inside the fort build by Raja Suraj Mal to commemorate victories over the Mughals and the British.
Deeg Palace– the Deeg Palace is an amazing fort build by Raja Suraj Mal that stands majestically over a slightly elevated point and is surrounded by impressive moats, ramparts and gateways.
Best time to visit.
During summers (April-June), the temperature ranges from 38 degree C to 45 degree C. the onset of mountain (July-August) lowers the temperature to about 27 degree C. winter (October-March) season peaks after Christmas with temperatures falling below 10 degree C.
Veteran ornithologist H.G. Alexander spent a full day the park compiling a list of over a hundred species of the bird at Bharatpur. This is an indication of the enjoyment that the sanctuary can provide. Some 377 species have been spotted at Bharatpur Sanctuary, making it one of the most inviting destinations in the world for ornithologists, amateurs and nature lovers. Various species of indigenous water birds, waterside birds, migratory water birds, land migratory birds, and domestic land species are found here. One-third of birds at Bharatpur are migrants, many of whom spend their winters before returning to their breeding grounds in the Arctic and Central AsiaThe bird most popular among tourists and ornithologists is the Siberian crane. According to field experts, this bird is known to travel distance of up to 6500 km migrating from the Ob River basin region.Other ‘ guests’ at Bharatpur include huge birds like Dalmatian pelicans, which are two meters in length, and minute ones like the Siberian leaf warbler, which is merely the size of our index finger!The mode of transport for getting around the sanctuary is a bicycle. Cycle-rickshaws may also be hired. Boats are available for hire from the ticket checkpoint. Boating is an excellent idea for getting around the Keoladeo Lake and observing the birds at close quarters.
Place around Bharatur.
The city center is a mere 3 km from the park and has its own fare share of oddities, bazaars and night markets that are definitely worth a visit. Also worth visiting is the Laxmi Vilas Palace that houses a museum. The city of Agra, which is just 55 km from Bharatpur, has one of the most magnificent monuments ever build the romantic Taj Mahal, a veritable poem in stoma build the Mughal emperor Shahjahan.
How to reach
By Air– Agra, 54 km. away is connected to all major cities.
By Rail– Bharatpur lies on the Mumbai-Delhi sector of Western Railway. The Fatehpur Janta Express leaves New Delhi at 2 p.m. and arrives at Bharatpur station at 6.15 p.m. it departs from Bharatpur at 8 a.m. reaching Delhi by 12.30 p.m.
By Road– Alwar 117 km., Deeg 32 km., Delhi 182km., Fatehpur Sikri 22 km., Jaipur 174 km., Mathura 36km., and Sariska 130 km.