Agra Fort is also famous from the name as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, India. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monuments, the Taj Mahal. The fort can more accurately describe as a walled palatial city.
Agra Fort built by Akbar from Red sandstone in 1654, when he was through with the consolidation of his power after accession to power. Agra Fort worked both as a, military strategic point as well as the royal residence.Even since barbur defeated Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526, Agra played an important center of Mughal Empire it was in a worst condition and Akbar decided to make it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558 Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone. After rebuilt, at the end of his life, his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort, a punishment that might that might not seem so harsh, considering the luxury of the fort, imprisoned Shah Jahan. It is rumored that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with an excellent view of the Taj Mahal.
Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surface. It took approx eight years for its completion and in 1573. The fort contains splendid palaces both in red sandstone and white marble build by two generations of prolific builders Akbar and later Jahangir and Shahjahan.Some of the exquisite structures that deserve a mention are
Sheela Mahal– literally meaning ‘Glass Palace’ it was the royal dressing room adorned by tiny mirror-like glass-mosaic decorations on the walls.
The Anguri Bagh– it houses 85 squares, geometrically arranged lush gardens.
Mina Masjid– literally meaning ‘Heavenly Mosque’ it is a tiny mosque closed to the public.
Nagina Masjid– meaning of this ‘Gem Mosque’ it was designed exclusively for the ladies of the court.
Foreigners: INR. 520
Indians: INR. 20
Timing – open from sunrise to sunset