Uttarakhand is also a beautiful hill station in northern India. It is often called as the Devbhumi (Land of the Gods) due to many Hindu Temple and pilgrimage centre found throughout the state. This state also known for its natural beauty of Himalayas. Uttarakhand was also the ancient Puranic term for the central stretch of the Indian Himalayas.When someone asks you to define the simple word to Uttarakhand, only one word come in your mind that is “beauty”. Beauty is so inherent to almost all things Uttarakhand stands for-the magnanimous Himalayas, the holiest of the rivers, the spiritual mystery, stunning landscapes, the incessantly colorful play of nature, enchanting history carved in ancient stones, a mesmerizing floral and faunal plethora and the simplest of the people.
Uttarakhand is a part of Western Himalayan ranges starting from the Shivalik foothills to Greater Himalayas with Tibet as its northeastern border. In the northwestern corner of the state is Himachal Pradesh, while Haryana celebrates its union with the newly formed state with a gentle kiss. The state is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh from most of its western and southern boundary.
Apart from the Terai region in the Shivalik foothills, the entire state of Uttarakhand is a part of the Himalayan ranges. At 7,817m above sea level, Nanda Devi in the district of Chamoli is the highest point in the state. A major part of this Himalayan state comes under rainforests and alpine forests that highly endangered wildlife species.
Fairs & Festivals
The major fairs and festivals of the Garhwali region are Hatkalika Fair, Tapkeshwar Fair, Surkhanda Devi Mela, Kunjapuri Fair, Lakhawar Village Fair, and Mata Murti Ka Mela. The major fairs and festivals of Kumaon region are Uttarayani Mela, Kartik Poornima at Dwarahat, Kasar Devi, and Nanda Devi melas.
Opportunities for tourism are immense in this state, be it nature, wildlife, adventure and pilgrimage tourism. The major destinations are Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun, Mussoorie, Almora, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri, Jim Corbett National Park, Nainatal, Ranikhet, and Pithoragarh.If you are adventurous and like tough challenges, you can go for high-and-low-altitude trekking, river rafting, para gliding, hang-gliding, mountaineering, skiing and many others.
Best Time to Visit
Average temperatures range in summer from 30 degree C in the plains to 14 or 15 degree C in the mountains.
Winter temperatures in the plains average 10 or 11 degree C, and fall well below freezing higher up.
How to Reach
By Air– Jolly Grant near Dehradun is the only airport. There are regular flights to Delhi by Indian Airlines. Otherwise, one has the option to travel to Delhi by road or rail and then take the air route to various destinations.
By Rail– Dehradun, Haridwar, and Kathgodam are the major railway stations connected to almost all parts of the country with regular trains. Not many places in the state are connected by rail because of tough terrains. For those visiting places in the higher altitudes, trekking and road routes are the only options available.
By Road– Almost all the important places in the state are connected by roads. Many places in the higher altitudes may still remain off for a period in the year due to landslides and snowfall. National Highways such as 58, 73, 74 and 87 connect places in the state to other parts of the country.