Tourism in Kerala

Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate, a long shoreline with serene beaches. If there is one place in the riveting diversity of India where there is tangible beauty and a phenomenal thing like total literacy, it is in Kerala. Kerala is a state full of good things. This small state at the southern tip of the Indian peninsula is an easy winner owing to its beautiful landscape, intriguing customs, high-intensity cultural life and an educated public so often dressed in white.

Location

Kerala is situated on the south western tip of the Indian mainland on the Arabian Sea. Kerala is bound by the Arabian Sea on the west, Karnataka on the north and northeast, and in the east from the state Tamil Nadu.According to the geographical features, the state can be divided into hills and valleys, midland plains and coastal belts.The hills of Kerala dot the Western Ghat from Ponmudi in the south Munnar in the centre and Sultan’s Bathery in the north. There is heavy rainfall in this region during the months between May and November.In the coastal belts of this state are situated world famous backwaters that are more or lea main attraction of Kerala.

History

The name of the state of Kerala has been taken from the word Keralaputra, as mentioned in one of the Ashokan edicts dating back to 273-236 BC. There is not much known about the history of this region of the period after the Ashokan edicts, except the fact that there was extensive trading with Romans from this region. Chera was the first large empire that took roots in this state, and continued to use Tamil till 7th century as their administrative language. This shows the influence and power that Tamils exerted over this region. Cheras established a wide network of trade links not only with Indian businessmen, but also with countries outside ranging from Sumatra to Cordoba.1496, Vasco da Gama became the first European to find a route to India through sea and started a long-time fight for the power in this region between the Portuguese, British, and Dutch. This fight marginalized the local powers, though the Zamorin made a fight back in the early 17th century when they gained the external support from the Dutch and British in return for trading rights from Kerala.

Fair & Festivals

Onam is a time for sports and festivities and in Kerala-where one third of the area is low lying, covered with canals, lakes, and backwaters-the people take to their boats and country crafts to celebrate.Colourful watery festivals are organized along the sacred rive Pampa. Depending on the positioning of the stars and the moon, the festival is held at the end of August or beginning of September.Christmas is another festival that is celebrated with much power and enthusiasm in the state. Other important festivals of the state are Eid, Muharram, and other festivals that are traditionally celebrated all over the country.

Tourism Attractions

The entire state of Kerala is a tourist destination and at every corner of this state, one can experience something new. Backwaters, historical structure, culture, wildlife, and natural beauty, the state has all these and more.The state has given great emphasis on eco tourism and new experiments are being done to take tourism nearer to the general public. In this way too, the state is a pioneer in the state.

Best Time to Visit

The climate of Kerala is almost same. The summer comes to the state in April and continues for the next four months. The maximum temperature during this season is around 33 degree C. Monsoon touches the state in June and remains there till September though not much different in temperature can be felt. Winter is from October to January and temperature drops a bit. The weather is never too chilly in Kerala.

How to Reach

By Air- There are three airports in the state-at Thrivananthapuram, Kochi, and Kozhikode. Thrivananthapuram is also an international airport, connecting the state to many places in the Middle East.

By Rail- There are around 200 railway stations in Kerala connecting most of the places in the state to place in the other parts of the country and inside the state. Long-distance express trains connect important places in the state to places outside the state like Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai, and Calcutta.

By Road- AN extensive network of metalled roads connect most of the places in the state. National highways 47, 17, and 49 connect the state with other parts of the country.

By Ports- Inland water navigation systems are available in many districts. Boats are extensively used to connect many places within the state. The state has major airports at Kochi and Vizhinjam. The minor ports in the state are Neendakara, Azheekkala and Beypore.

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