The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is known as Pink city of country is one of the major attractions of the Indian state of Rajasthan. City Palace, Jaipur, which includes the Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal Palace and other building, is a palace complex in Jaipur, the capital of the Rajasthan state, India. Founded by Maharaja Sawaii Jai Singh II in 1727, it is majorly known for its age-old attractions presenting the picture of a remarkable past. One of the most important places of interest in Jaipur is City Palace which boasts of a beautiful blend of Rajput, European and Mughal styles of construction. The palace in a way depicts the rich and royal history of the city and considered be the residence of the royal family.
The palace complex lies in the heart of Jaipur city, to the northeast of the very centre. The history of the city palace is closely linked with the history of Jaipur city and its rulers, starting with Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II who ruled from1699-1744. He is credited with initially construction of the city complex by building the outer wall of the complex spreading over many acres. City Palace, Jaipur was constructed between 1729 and 1732. It paints the picture of the rich culture and heritage of the state. He moved to the city of Jaipur from Amber due to increase in population and water shortage problems. Further, he called-up a Bengali architect Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya who designed the palace complex according to the Vatushastra. The beautifully designed palace is still well-preserved and is listed among the prime attraction of the state.
The City Palace complex comprises of various palaces, pavilions, temples and gardens. There are a number of gateways that provide entry to the palace complex such as Virendra Pol, Udai Pol and Tripolia Gate. The essential highlights of the City Palace in Jaipur are Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Mukut Mahal, Maharani’s Palace, Shri Govind Dev Ji temples and City Palace Museum.
Inside the City Palace in Jaipur
Mubarak Mahal is a reception center build by Maharaja Madho Singh II in late 19th century. Mubarak Mahal, meaning the ‘Auspicious Palace’, was build fusion of the Islamic, Rajput and European architectural styles. It is a museum; a fine repository of variety of textiles such as the royal formal costumes, sanganeri block prints, embroidered shawls, Kashmir pashminas and silk saris as part of the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum.
Chandra Mahal is the most commanding building in the City Palace complex, on its west end. It is a seven-storied building and each floor has been given a specific name such as the Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Pitam-Niwas, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas, and Mukut Mandir or Mahal. Its contains many unique paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations.
Diwan-I-Aam, the Hall of public audience, is a marble floored chamber located between the armory and the art gallery. It is a hall which has bright ceilings furnished in red and gold colors. There is also a Golden throne which is called as Takth-e-Rawal, the seat of Maharaja when with public. The seat of Maharaja was carried out on elephants or palanquin bearers during his visit outside the palace.
Diwan-I-Khas is a marble ornamented chamber that used as a private audience hall of Maharaja. There are two big silver vessels with a height of meters holding a capacity up to4000 liters. The vessels were prepared by melting 14000 silver coins without soldering. The weight of these vessels is 340 kg. These vessels have listed their names in the Guinness Book of the World record as the World’s Largest Silver vessels.
The Maharani Palace is the residence of the queens of the royal family. Now, the palace is transformed into a museum that is repository to the weapons which were used during the war. The striking ceilings of the palace are festooned with unique frescoes. There are weapons such as scissor action digger and swords attached with pistols.
Location: Kanwar Nagar
Timing: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
India- INR 100
Foreigner- INR 400
Video camera –INR 200
Guide- INR 300